We all know that soil is the most important factor in agriculture. Healthy soil is the foundation of our food system as it produces healthy crops that in turn nourish people. There are two important aspects as far as soil properties are concerned. One is the ability of the soil to manage, hold and drain water. The other is nutrients management that includes Cation Exchange Capacity, Clay Content and Soil pH.
Our planet is known to have over thousand different types of soil. Each soil needs to be treated differently. The soil is a living, dynamic ecosystem and its quality can vary greatly even within a region or a single field. How a farmer manages the farm can have crucial impacts on the environment. Most times issue rises because farmers are not aware of the best practices in soil management. The beauty about soil is that it can be regenerated and reproduced for repeat agriculture. Therefore, it is important for farmers to focus on preserving it. Farming is a continuous and complex process that also needs close monitoring, studying with a constant exchange of information. One of the primary, most obvious way to improve soil health is by growing crop on the ground at all times. Reducing tillage is another way to allow the soil to improve as organisms in the soil flourish.
How to keep your soil healthy?
It is important to consider the following in order to take good care of the soil.
- Continuous monitoring of soil’s nutrients level
- Use of precision agriculture practices to apply nutrients when necessary
- Choose the right crop based on the soil composition
- Rotation of crops to improve diversity
- Reduce tilling
- Reduce soil erosion and
- Monitor soil moisture levels
To keep your soil healthy, it is important to have a well-drained soil. In a well-drained soil, optimal root growth happens without drainage problem. Efforts need to be taken to avoid erosion as the loss of nutrients in erosion can be up to 70%. Repeat soil testing and use appropriate fertilizer to help grow your drop.
Existing farming systems, due to repetitive harvesting reduces the nutrients and the organic matter and inadequate effort to replenish nutrients result in poor quantity and quality of harvest for the farmers. Understanding the soil helps farmers take informed decisions on what variety of crop to sow in which area and at what time. While this has been done the old fashioned way with sheer experience, IT has made farming easier in this day and age. Technology has created a revolution in Agriculture and with digital information on weather, soil, health, diseases, crop management etc, farmers are better equipped to face challenges ahead in time. They are therefore able to optimize their harvest yield to get larger outputs.
Did you know?
Excessive use of chemical fertilizers has impacted soil fertility in Punjab that has led to an increase in cancer.
My Farm Info is one such tool on agriculture information system created to help farmers maximize their income by providing them ways to increase their yield and help them get the best price for their produce. This software allows farmers to access key farm information and take necessary action when it matters most. With this tool, farmers can view their fields and crop plans on the map once the geotag their farm on the website. It also allows farmers to connect with a farm doctor through SMS or WhatsApp to get details on weather, soil etc.
‘’The more a farmer knows about his soils, the better equipped he is to decide which varieties to sow in a certain area to produce optimal yields’’
Tobias Menne, head of Digital Farming at Bayer’s Crop Science Division.
My Farm Info also suggests the right crops based on long-term forecasts of that specific field & soil moisture maps. Soil humidity index provides information about the water storage capacity of the soil and recommended the optimal fertilizer needed to improve along with the best time to irrigate.
In the Citrus fields in Abohar, India, My Field Info helped farmers using their soil moisture sensor technology in taking impactful action in their field. By providing soil information including Cation Exchange Capacity, Clay Content, Soil pH and comprehensive soil data, we were able to help the farmer make optimum cultivation decisions.
Soil Moisture Data in this tool also provides optimum field irrigation schedule for the farmers. This kind of information helped farmers plan their cultivation at ease. We were able to optimize the soil choice by understanding the soil matter content in taking planned decisions.The tool also offers Crop Management Solutions by providing nutrition advisory ensuring that the farmer has access to crop nutrition oversight throughout its life cycle.
Why use MyfarmInfo?
My Farm Info aims to show results within a season and by using this platform, farmers will now be able to reap benefits within the same season. Farmers are geo-tagged for and their precise field details can be viewed by hovering over the farm location on Myfarminfo.