Field Crop diseases leads to at least 10-30% of losses on the global food production. Agrios (2004) estimated that annual losses by crop disease cost a whopping US$ 220 billion. Field Crop diseases are a threat to food security.
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Crop disease can be fungal, viral or bacterial in nature. Understanding the types of diseases can help you to diagnose problems and take preventive steps. Symptoms of a plant disease may include a visible change in the color, shape or the function of the plant. This happens as it responds to the pathogen. Leaf wilting for example is caused by the fungal plant pathogens such as Verticillium albo-atrum and V. dahliae. If it is a bacterial infection, you will notice born lesions surrounded by yellow halo on the margin of the leaves of the plant.
Fungal diseases can be soil-borne, air-borne or even seed-borne. The symptoms of each of these diseases are distinctive.
Seed Borne Diseases
Brown left spot, commonly spotted in Rice
Stem rust, commonly spotted in Wheat and
Red rot in the case of Sugarcane and
Air Borne Diseases
Blast of Rice and
Rust of wheat, that appears in black, brown or yellow color.
Soil Borne Diseases
Green Ear Disease, commonly spotted in Bajra
Smut, again spotted in Bajra
Tikka disease seen in groundnut and
Late blight of potato
Some of the other fungal disease are Downy mildew (affects grapes, bajra, radish, cabbage, turnip etc), White rust, Powdery mildew, Footrot (affects paddy and papaya) and Bean rust (affects pulses)
Some of the common viral diseases are leaf curl in papaya and tomato, red leaf in carrots, leaf roll and mosaic in potato and tobacco mosaic.
Bacterial diseases can be commonly found in rice, wheat, potato and som variety of fruits such as apple, pear, cherries and peaches. It appears in the form of crown gall in fruits, tundu disease in wheat, ring or brown rot in potatoes and as blight in rice.
And then there are plant pests such as paddy bug, stem borer and brown planthopper in rice. No wonder that Field Crop diseases are leading to 10-30% of losses on the global food production.
In order to help the agricultural sector and improve overall productivity, My farm Info, an innovative platform is developed to prevent and mitigate crop losses for Farmer, Insurance Company and Government Stakeholders. The value of a successful crop is much higher than the cost of it’s production that is being covered by insurance. Therefore prevention and mitigation is a necessity in today’s day and age.
The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana aims to stabilize the income of farmers to ensure their continuance in farming.. They also encourage farmers to adopt to innovative and modern agricultural practices that will help them in a getting steady revenue.
Why use MyfarmInfo?
My Farm Info aims to show results within a season and by using this platform, farmers will now be able to reap benefits within the same season. Farmers are geo-tagged for and their precise field details can be viewed by hovering over the farm location on Myfarminfo.
Its services include Infrastructure Repair, that begins 30 days before the start of a season, Desilting & Canal Repair Programs in those areas with recurrent losses caused by canal branches, timely sowing and accurate information dissemination from their platform.
The platform also provides early warning systems on weather change such as drought, cyclone, flood or on crop diseases. It helps in providing information on the right crops to sow, based on long term forecasts & soil moisture maps
Did you know?
Even a 15 days delay in sowing cotton can cause high amount of losses?
Disease and weed management is controlled and prevented by effective SMS alerts with curative advice that are sent to farmers and district officials. Plant Doctor is another service available on whatsapp for farmers to consult and get advice on crop diseases and how to prevent them. Based on the requirement, pesticides are made available with local dealers and farmers can easily order for mechanised spraying in selected districts.
Soil Information including Cation Exchange Capacity, Clay Content, Soil pH and comprehensive soil data are provided to help farmer make optimum cultivation decisions.
Farmers can now plan their field irrigation using soil moisture data. This kind of information provides vital insights in planing cultivation.
Crop Management Solutions provide nutrition advisory for crops ensuring that there are no oversight throughout its life cycle.
Not only that, Cyclone, floods and water logging prone areas are identified using remote sensors, monitored regularly to update farmers, village officials on the any change that may affect their crops. Desilting of canals are done before the flood time.
My Farm Info is a world class value added service for agriculture loss prevention in India.