How to free farmers from extreme weather condition in 2017

  1. Agriculture contributes to 17% of India’s GDP while the global average is only 4%. The agricultural sector also employs 47.2% of the population, compared to the global average of 30.7%.

Climate change has destroyed agricultureand ruined farmers in Marathwada, India. According to agricultural scientists, the heat wave that India witnessed in 2013 had reduced four million tonnes of the total wheat production. By 2030, rice and wheat are likely to see about 6-10 percent decrease in yields

“Climate change affects all the three aspects of food security: availability, access and absorption.” – B. Venkateshwarlu, the former director at CRIDA.

The Indian government has begun to address farmers vulnerability due to extreme weather conditions and have introduced a $1.3bn crop insurance scheme at the start of 2016 to help farmers cope with crop failure due to natural disasters. However, only 19% of India’s farmers have insured their crops. This could be due to various factors such as lack of awareness about the practice of crop insurance, the cost associated with it and lack of availability.

Extreme weather conditions have a significant impact on food and agriculture sector. The increasing severity of droughts, floods, hailstorms and other extreme weather events affect the livelihood of small-scale farmers. The most common climate anomaly witnessed in India are

  • Cold waves
  • Heat waves
  • Floods
  • Cyclone
  • Drought and
  • Storms

Change in weather condition can affect agriculture in many ways. It could lead to limited water resources, flooding, erosion, drought and or land degradation. Information is the key and in order to help Indian farmers combat challenges linked with climate change, it is important to provide relevant information at the right time to take preventive steps.

Different crops react differently to climatic change. For example, rice, wheat, maize and sorghum are the worst hit by the Indian climatic change. However, crops like potatoes, chickpea and mustard will have little to no impact. Knowing the crop and its reaction to weather helps in a well-planned sowing and harvesting in 2017.

By providing effective weather and climate information in a timely manner, farmers can reduce their agricultural yield risks.It will also help in improvement of the quality of the produce, the quantity of the yield and reduce the risk and loss associated with extreme weather condition. Water consumption in agriculture is a phenomenal amount in India compared to China and other countries. By keeping track of the weather condition in the form of timely alerts helps in optimising the use of water for agriculture too.

[bctt tweet=”Different crops react differently to climatic change.” username=””]

MyFarmInfo.com is an agriculture information system to help farmer maximize their income by providing them ways to increase their yield and help them get the best price for their produce.

Let us look at the case of Citrus farmers in Abohar, India. Due to extreme weather condition, here are few key challenges faced by them.

Key Challenges faced by farmers

  • Fruit Drop
  • Nutrient Imbalance
  • Untimely Irrigation
  • High Water

With the help of My Farm Info, farmers were geo-tagged for all their fields. Precise details about the farm can be viewed by hovering over the farm location on this platform. The latest weather data & forecasts for Temperature / Rainfall / Humidity / Wind can be seen. It also provides historical data for all these parameters for farmers to analyze and draw insight.

Alerts in the form of SMS was sent to farmers to notify on Temperature / Rainfall / Humidity / Wind changes.The forecast provided is accurate as it syncs the weather data from weather stations automatically.

Not just that, My Farm Info provides Soil Information including Cation Exchange Capacity, Clay Content, Soil pH and comprehensive soil data to help farmers make optimum cultivation decisions.

Soil Moisture Sensors planted in the citrus fields can bring appropriate technology to direct and optimize impactful action for farmers. The Crop Management Solution in My Farm Info provides nutrition advisory for citrus ensuring that the farmer has access to crop nutrition oversight throughout its life cycle.

The primary need of a farmer is a location-specific and quantified weather forecast. These Services provided by My Farm Info meets the real-time needs of farmers and contribute to weather-based crop management strategies aiming to enhance crop productivity. Farmers income can be further increased by reducing their losses and distress due to extreme weather condition.

Advantages of this tool to monitor weather conditions in India

Prevention of fruit drop
Balanced nutrition for the crops
Timely irrigation with regular alerts
Soil Moisture sensors to provide exact details of the crop’s need.
Efficient water and nutrient management
High quality of produce
Increased quantity of crop
Cost effective than battle losses later and more…

With varying climatic condition, farmers need to adapt to the changing need and grow a multitude of crops in any given area. Feasibility of production can be easily obtained from the My Farm Info tool. Crop diversification is one of the methods to fight climate change that will enable higher food production and income for the farmers.

How Technology can help you harness data to guide field decisions

The Economy of India is the seventh-largest in the world by GDP and it is the third-largest by purchasing power parity. The agricultural sector is the largest employer in India’s economy and India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Agriculture plays an integral role in the Indian economy. India has the second-largest amount of arable land, after the US, with 52% of total land under cultivation. However, agricultural output lags far behind this country’s potential.

With an increase in the population, there is a need to produce more food with the available soil and water resources. With changing times and development of new technologies, farmers can now produce more, reduce wastage and conserve valuable natural resources and actually practice sustainable agriculture. Thanks to the development of the IT sector, sharing of information or exchange of knowledge from people and resources is possible through SMS or WhatsApp. Technology has enabled farmers to gain information about their farm. Such valuable information helps in taking calculated decisions for the advancement of crop yield in the agricultural sector.

How is technology transforming rural India?

MyFarmInfo.com is an agriculture information system to help farmer maximize their income by providing them ways to increase their yield and help them get the best price for their produce. Better information increases yield, drives efficiency and improves the lives of farmers in India.

Mandi stabilises price

Farmers have been exploited by intermediaries such as money lenders who compel them to sell their produce for an extremely low price. With the Mandi section in My Farm Info, farmers will have the opportunity to find out the mandi prices for the nearby mandies available. They can now choose the optimal mandi from where they can get the best price for their crop.

Understanding Crop Feasibility

Climate plays a major role in crop growth. Sunshine, rainfall, temperature also plays a vital role in the quality of the production. My Farm Info has a crop feasibility section where farmers can find the feasibility of growing any crop on their farm. But choosing to produce crops that are suitable for that piece of land, farmers can maximize their yield and also increase their profitability

Identifying and preventing Crop Diseases

The total estimated loss in economic product per annum due to crop diseases has been estimated to be 13.2% in India. A crop like Maize alone can have over 61 types of diseases. Good agronomic practices can help in reducing the incidence of certain disease groups.

The crop management section in My Farm Info provides 10 years of historical data that enable farmers to find the disease probability for their crops. With the use of sophisticated algorithms, farmers can take calculated decisions on the best suitable crop to grow in their land for better yields.

The tool’s forecast advisory provides early warning of disease infestation for farmers to take preventive or proper measures to minimize their losses.

Farm Management

What if there was someone who could provide expert advice on farming? With the growth of technology, the world has become small and connectivity, a breeze. The farm management section in My Farm Info provides regular feedback, updates and valuable information on nutrition, optimal mandi, NPK application and so on. It is also easy to reach experts on any feedback that farmers may need using WhatsApp on their mobile phones.

All farmers have to do is to save their farm details on a GPS interface and let the experts help them.

Crop Scheduling

To successfully schedule a crop, farmers have to decide the week of the year that their crop will be sold, and then work backward to determine the date of seed sowing or planting. Each stage of a crop cycle needs close monitoring. Simple crop scheduling tools helps farmers reduce their time spent on planning.

Farmers can also use the crop scheduler to help them keep track of all stages of crop life cycle. Farmers will receive messages according to the schedule regarding upcoming crop stages. Forecast and disease alerts will also be sent through SMS making scheduling easy and less o a hassle. Crop scheduling helps farmers to schedule their crops, keep records and manage their farm.

Moisture Sensors

Moisture sensors let the farmers know about the level of the moisture present at the certain depth of the soil. This gives more precise control of water and other inputs like fertilizer to improve yield.

Weather Updates

What if you know beforehand if your farm is prone to floods? Farmers can also use the Flood and wind risk pages in My Farm Info to find the impact of flood and the wind on their produce. With timely and accurate weather forecasts, the farmers are able to either plan their activities or respond to changes accordingly.

Technology has made its way into agriculture and has shown a positive impact. It has helped farmers better decision making, planning, socially connected with experts and are able to utilize their resources optimally to improve the quality and volume of crop production at low cost.

Techniques for Regenerative Agriculture to Increase Farm Productivity and Crop Yield

Myfarminfo provides farmers and other stakeholders the best guidance and information about the weather and suitability factor so that optimum harvesting can be gathered. This ensures that all farmers will get the right amount of return on investment. Myfarminfo is providing various ways to use the same land and soil several times with better qualities and productivity rate.

Regenerative Agriculture is a practice which deals with the studies about how to keep the soil enriched with minerals and to develop and enhance the nurturing of crops and farms etc. Regenerative Agriculture makes the quality of soil better such that it provides many advantages as the beneficial factors. It is a set of efforts and rules which if works consistently and appropriately then they will provide the high profit in the agricultural field. It strengthens the growth which is good for present and well as for future. The new ways to establish regenerative agriculture are as follows:

  1. Polyculture: As the name suggests, polyculture means to grow many different species in one portion. As every crop has different needs and requirements, hence the task is fruitful in balancing the different species. The monoculture is traditional way of farming which is not such good. Monoculture leads to result of destruction of the entire crops due to any natural calamity, heat or any other pesticide effects. Soil fertility also reduces due to monoculture. It’s the reason for loss of habitat of animals and results in ecological imbalance.
  1. The soil food web: As far as the technology is advancing, the nature is not run out off the race. Again and again, nature proves to be most potent among all machinery developments. The Soil Food Web is the natural process accomplish by the microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, and others etc. They used up the soil and making it healthier than before, provides the same to the roots of the living plants. The newly generated soil is better in many aspects including the reason of not- availability of any chemical fertilizer into the ground.
  2. Holistic management: Holistic management approach deals with the decisions made by the farmers or the other parties keeping different aspects of the ecology including the financial, environmental, and biological and the social aspects etc. Various tests are being carried on to make the technique more usable and familiar. It is a new framework for regenerative agriculture and so broad to practice. Education is not such counts but proper understanding and accurate decision making is the game changer!
  1. Properly managed livestock: Properly managed livestock i.e. PML is another way to regenerate a As farm animals are considered as the primary assets to the farmer, therefore, their health and growth will work on the performance of the agriculture. Hence, one should invest money on anything with full consideration and consequences in mind. Better you manage the livestock, better the advancement and growth you will see and feel in the farms. The business will perfectly give colorful results. It is a mandatory practice to see and control the number of breeds and species are consuming the same field. Over grazing of the same region may affect the agricultural process.
  1. No- till crop production: Tilling means the damaging of soil. Tilling happens due to the physical disturbance takes place beneath the earth. The effect is too dangerous that it is measured to have more harmful effects than using fertilizers and pesticides etc. Hence , awareness among farmers and the cultivators is increasing day by day so that they can change their way of farming. The No – Till Crop Production will provide efficient and fertile soil which eventually will produce good crops and the process will be more profitable.

 

  1. Perennial crops: Are you aware of the crops of apples and alfalfa? Yes, these both are the perennial crops which can be harvested repeatedly before they get vanished. The practice of cultivating perennial plants is new to agriculture. It reduces the soil erosion and feeds the soil food web to make the soil more fertile. It also results in balancing the habitat etc.

Image result for Regenerative Agriculture

  1. Permaculture : Another concept in regenerative agriculture is Permaculture. Permaculture is the mechanism to design a landscape after observing the requirements of agriculture and the environment etc. As human life has importance of morals and ethics to balance everything, similarly nature also needs balance. Permaculture has three primary standards: The Earth’s Care, the Citizen’s Care and a good return on Investment or Surplus. It works as the additional activity to the core farming needs. The higher the efforts, the more beautiful will the emergence of results.

 

  1. Thermal composting: Among the different composting techniques, one is the thermal composting. Thermal Composting is the path which is desired to maintain the lives of microbes because the tiny organisms do much for the vast plantation growth. Thermal Composting provides the best way to keep soil nutrients efficient and beneficial. The microorganisms are significant of the fertility of the soil. There is no surprise in knowing that the secret of healthy and enrich soil is the staying of these little microbes.
Draw your own Farm

The methods mentioned above are all researched based projects and studies in Agricultural Science. The development and advancement are both ever- lasting processes. Therefore, the betterment continues. The team of Myfarminfo always solves queries and gives timely information to the desired parties and customers. Hence, Myfarminfo is working for the welfare of people of India who are mainly engaged in Agricultural sector. What we need is to extract the maximum knowledge from the present scenario and make it reliable for the future.

What you need to know about field crop diseases and how to prevent it

Field Crop diseases leads to at least 10-30% of losses on the global food production. Agrios (2004) estimated that annual losses by crop disease cost a whopping US$ 220 billion. Field Crop diseases are a threat to food security.

[bctt tweet=”Major world crops are functioning at only 15–20% of their potential –J.A.Browning” username=””]

Crop disease can be fungal, viral or bacterial in nature. Understanding the types of diseases can help you to diagnose problems and take preventive steps. Symptoms of a plant disease may include a visible change in the color, shape or the function of the plant. This happens as it responds to the pathogen. Leaf wilting for example is caused by the fungal plant pathogens such as Verticillium albo-atrum and V. dahliae. If it is a bacterial infection, you will notice born lesions surrounded by yellow halo on the margin of the leaves of the plant.

Fungal diseases

Fungal diseases can be soil-borne, air-borne or even seed-borne. The symptoms of each of these diseases are distinctive.

Seed Borne Diseases

Brown left spot, commonly spotted in Rice
Stem rust, commonly spotted in Wheat and
Red rot in the case of Sugarcane and

Air Borne Diseases

Coffee Rust
Blast of Rice and
Rust of wheat, that appears in black, brown or yellow color.

Soil Borne Diseases

Green Ear Disease, commonly spotted in Bajra
Smut, again spotted in Bajra
Tikka disease seen in groundnut and
Late blight of potato

Some of the other fungal disease are Downy mildew (affects grapes, bajra, radish, cabbage, turnip etc), White rust, Powdery mildew, Footrot (affects paddy and papaya) and Bean rust (affects pulses)

Viral Diseases

Some of the common viral diseases are leaf curl in papaya and tomato, red leaf in carrots, leaf roll and mosaic in potato and tobacco mosaic.

Bacterial Diseases

Bacterial diseases can be commonly found in rice, wheat, potato and som variety of fruits such as apple, pear, cherries and peaches. It appears in the form of crown gall in fruits, tundu disease in wheat, ring or brown rot in potatoes and as blight in rice.

And then there are plant pests such as paddy bug, stem borer and brown planthopper in rice. No wonder that Field Crop diseases are leading to 10-30% of losses on the global food production.

In order to help the agricultural sector and improve overall productivity, My farm Info, an innovative platform is developed to prevent and mitigate crop losses for Farmer, Insurance Company and Government Stakeholders. The value of a successful crop is much higher than the cost of it’s production that is being covered by insurance. Therefore prevention and mitigation is a necessity in today’s day and age.

The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana aims to stabilize the income of farmers to ensure their continuance in farming.. They also encourage farmers to adopt to innovative and modern agricultural practices that will help them in a getting steady revenue.

Why use MyfarmInfo?

My Farm Info aims to show results within a season and by using this platform, farmers will now be able to reap benefits within the same season. Farmers are geo-tagged for and their precise field details can be viewed by hovering over the farm location on Myfarminfo.

Its services include Infrastructure Repair, that begins 30 days before the start of a season, Desilting & Canal Repair Programs in those areas with recurrent losses caused by canal branches, timely sowing and accurate information dissemination from their platform.

The platform also provides early warning systems on weather change such as drought, cyclone, flood or on crop diseases. It helps in providing information on the right crops to sow, based on long term forecasts & soil moisture maps

Did you know?

Even a 15 days delay in sowing cotton can cause high amount of losses?

Disease and weed management is controlled and prevented by effective SMS alerts with curative advice that are sent to farmers and district officials. Plant Doctor is another service available on whatsapp for farmers to consult and get advice on crop diseases and how to prevent them. Based on the requirement, pesticides are made available with local dealers and farmers can easily order for mechanised spraying in selected districts.

Soil Information including Cation Exchange Capacity, Clay Content, Soil pH and comprehensive soil data are provided to help farmer make optimum cultivation decisions.


Farmers can now plan their field irrigation using soil moisture data. This kind of information provides vital insights in planing cultivation.

Crop Management Solutions provide nutrition advisory for crops ensuring that there are no oversight throughout its life cycle.

Not only that, Cyclone, floods and water logging prone areas are identified using remote sensors, monitored regularly to update farmers, village officials on the any change that may affect their crops. Desilting of canals are done before the flood time.

My Farm Info is a world class value added service for agriculture loss prevention in India.

The Importance of Soil Moisture Sensors for farmers and how it can increase profitability

70 percent of the world’s freshwater withdrawals go towards irrigation uses. Close to 90 percent of freshwater is used for irrigation in India. It is recorded that only 5 percent of water gets used for domestic purpose in India. Despite that, farmers often obtain sub-optimal yields from their crop due to improper irrigation management practices. What if farmers could monitoring soil moisture in their fields? It would help them take has informed decisions on irrigation and be cost-effective too. By monitoring soil moisture, farmers can now optimise their water usage, increase produce yield, produce high quality crops, reduce water resource degradation and save a lot of money.

I can’t take the risk of leaving too much moisture in the pitch. At this time of the year, one does not know how quickly it’s going to dry out.” – Christo Erasmus

In West Bengal, farmers sell potatoes to Pepsico for their potato wafers plant. The quality of the produce is set by the company and farmers key struggle has been to deliver potatoes based on the quality requirement and therefore face a high rejection rate. The issues farmers face in West Bengal are plenty. They hold small farms and hence the quantity of their produce is also small. They lack good machinery for managing cultivation and have poor to no on-farm support as far as crop planning is concerned. No access to right agriculture information leads to heavy losses.
Their potato produce are greenish in color, high in water and sugar content and the reason for poor quality of the produce is because of improper irrigation management that leads to sub-optimal yields. PEPSICO’s high standard of quality expectation leads to direct rejection of the produce.


Monitoring soil moisture will help farmers understand the actual soil water condition and how much their crops need to use. Soil moisture sensors enable in taking informed irrigation decisions on when to irrigate and how much water has to be supplied to avoid low quality production. With the help of soil moisture sensors, some of these questions that are commonly asked by farmers are easily addressed –

  • When is the best time for irrigation?
  • How do I know if enough water has infiltrated the soil?
  • What is the soil depth reached by irrigation water?
  • Am I using too little water? Too much or just right?
  • How much water loss can i expect due to soil evaporation?
  • Has the crop roots absorbed enough water
  • During days of no irrigation, how much reserve will be available for my crop?

Let us take the example of the Potato farmer in West Bengal. If the farmers on-farm support in crop planning and irrigation practice,they would have been able to produce better quality yield of potato their produce may not have been rejected by PEPSICO. What if there is a platform is build to support farmers and help them increase their productivity? MyFarmInfo is an agriculture information system and platform to help farmer maximize their income by providing ways to increase yield and help them get the best price for their produce.


In the crop feasibility section, farmers can find the feasibility of growing any crop in their farm. With the help of the feasibility section, farmer can grow those crop that will produce maximum yield. They can decide based on the feasibility which are the crops to avoid based on the soil, weather condition of their area. Another section called farm management, allows farmers to save their farm information in the website. Once that is done My Farm Info will provide farmers with the optimum NPK application, nutrition information and optimal mandi for the crop to take calculated decisions.
Farmers can also use the crop scheduler function to help them keep track of all stages of crop life cycle. Farmers will receive messages according to the schedule regarding upcoming crop stages. Forecast and disease alerts will also be sent through SMS. In addition to this, farmers can use the Flood and wind risk pages to find the impact of flood and wind on their produce.


With the help of My Farm Info, the potato farmer is geo-tagged in all fields. Precise location of the farm, the latest weather data & forecasts for Temperature / Rainfall / Humidity / Wind can be seen on the website. Historical data for all these parameters are also available for farmers to analyze and draw insight. Instant alerts in the form of SMS is sent regarding changing weather conditions. Nutritional advice, soil information, field irrigation planning, optimizing soil choice and checking of plant or crop disease are also available in addition to soil moisture sensors
This is probably the first time in India, whereby farmers will have the ability to stay in control of their produce, take calculated decisions based on statistical data to improve their profitability.
My Farm info worked with potato farmers in West Bengal and the quality of the produce and prices of Potato at nearby Mandis had provided since. Understand your soil moisture using MyFarm Info and improve your revenue.