Category Archives: Farm Income Pro

The Gravity of Agricultural Debt- The case of Punjab’s Debt Crisis

There has been an intense attention on improving farmer’s income. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley had in his 2016 budget speech, promised to double farmers’ income by 2022. “We need to think beyond food security and give back to our farmers a sense of income security.” he said. While such a move is is laudable and welcome, let us also see what prompted a countrywide response towards focusing more on income security of farmers.

The Debt Crisis:

Almost 70% of India’s 90 million agricultural households are spending more than they earn each month on average says an IndiaSpend analysis based on various government data. These conditions themselves push the farmers them towards debt, which is the primary cause in more than half of all farmer suicides in the country.

These figures show that the debt crisis is not just a result of some farmers being unsuccessful in their occupation but rather it is a overall vicious cycle gnawing at the whole of agricultural community.

The most affected by it are the marginal farmers. Nearly 62.6 million households which are spending more compared to what they earn have land holdings of one hectare or less. The NSSO data also shows that nearly 85% of all operational farm holdings in the country are smaller than two hectares in size.

What is also noteworthy is that less than a third of Indian small and marginal farmers have access to institutional credit. This indicates that the debt crisis at its core has non-institutional credit.

The Overwhelming Agricultural Debt Crisis of Punjab:

Of all the discussion about agricultural debt the case of Punjab has been the highlight. Punjab has been known for its agriculture and for its glorious share in overall national produce. But in recent years Punjab has been staring at an grave agrarian crisis with vast accumulation of farm debt.

A huge role has also been of inadequately planned policies. In the effort to prioritize short-term food security, it neglected long-term sustainability. Punjab farmers adopted the current mono-culture of rice-wheat cropping pattern having been lured by better MSP for rice and wheat. In the process crop-diversification was abandoned. While MSP for crops have been going down, input costs have only risen, while the soil fertility and productivity has fallen.

Agrarian crisis needs long-term solutions
Farmers from Punjab stage a protest at Jantar Mantar, New Delhi

A recent survey titled ‘Indebtedness among Farmers and Agricultural Labourers in Rural Punjab’, put the debt on the state’s farmers at Rs. 69,355 crore. This survey was conducted for the Indian Council for Social Science Research under Gian Singh of Punjabi University in Patiala. Of this, Rs 56,481 crore was institutional and includes both the borrowings, those of defaulters and those in the process of repayment.

The survey clearly pointed out that marginal farmers and landless labourers have no mortgage assets and are dependent mainly on non-institutional loans.

Here is the brief assessment of average debt for 2014-15:

Per farming household: Rs 5,52,064

Marginal farmers (with up to 2.5 acre land): Rs 2,76,83

Small farmers (up to 5 acre): Rs 5,57,338

Semi-medium farmers (up to 10 acres): Rs 6,84,649

Medium farmers (up to 15 acres): Rs 9,35,608

Large farmers: Rs 16,37,473

Landless Labourers:  Rs. 68,330 per household.

Its important to note the huge amount of debt bore even by landless labourers,its is deep crisis is that 80% of these households are indebted. 92% of them borrowed money from non-institutional sources.

Debt Protection:

According to a survey, 62% of farmers stated that they preferred to quit farming and move to cities. This is result of failed agricultural policies over decades. Steps have to be taken towards Debt Protection and its fallout.

To prevent suicides, farmers must be provided just compensation. Those who get burdened by debt must be given “debt counselling” to prevent possible suicide. There should be a law that would allow a debt-ridden farmer to file for bankruptcy in extreme situations.

Policies such as Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) should be penetrated deeper and farmers must be encouraged to get insurance as protection against losses and resulting debts.

Role of Weather Risk Management System (WRMS) in Debt Protection:

Indian farming has always been heavily dependent on the mercy of nature. Sudden changes bring out a lot of losses, this unpredictability itself is one of the major causes of agricultural losses and debts.

The survey states that approximately 70% of Indian farmers said that their crops got destroyed in the last three years. Primary reasons for which have been uncertain rainfall, drought and
flood, destruction of crop by diseases and birds/animal, and lack of irrigation.

It is to protect against these calamities that having a debt protection  helps immensely. The PMFBY is aimed at aiding farmers do this by massively funding insurance and ensuring that even small farmers get this benefit.

Founded in 2004, WRMS has pioneered the weather insurance industry in India and has already bailed out over 5 lakh debt-ridden farmers. It has taken the quest of debt protection and loss prevention under PMFBY even further.

It seeks to help over 2 crore farmers in its quest to facilitate them through their climatic expertise and provide prior support through innovation and technology.

Why Technological Penetration for Marginal Farmers is crucial?

The Agriculture sector in India is the core basis for food security and poverty alleviation. It also has an important role for nutritional security and sustainable development. The contribution to the GDP although declining is still the largest and 61.5% of the population is dependent on agriculture as the primary means of livelihood. Thus development of this sector has been very crucial.

As a nation we have pursued the development of this sector rigorously.  Some milestones of this development would include:

  • Green revolution,
  • Evergreen revolution,
  • Blue revolution,
  • White revolution,
  • Yellow revolution,
  • Bio technology revolution and the most recent one is
  • Information and communication technology revolution.

IT Technology has immensely aided easy application of precision agriculture. We have computerized farm machinery, better systems, efficient management that applies even for fertilizers and pesticides. Technology has accelerated information sharing,it was become a bridge for everyone. But there is still a long way to go especially when it comes to penetration of technology for marginal farmers.

Image result for penetration of technology

Why is Penetration of Technology so Important?

In his 2016 budget speech, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley promised to double farmers’ income by 2022. He said, “We need to think beyond food security and give back to our farmers a sense of income security.”

An Indian farmers average income over a decade (2003-2013) rolse only 5% according to Indiaspend analysis. Over 70% of farmers spend more than they earn, of which 62.6 million households are marginal farmers with land holdings of one hectare or less. Nearly 85% of all operational farm holdings in the country are smaller than two hectares in size, NSSO data show.

So if there has to be any progress at all in the agricultural sector it will have to start by empowering these marginal farmers.

While modern technology can be easily adopted by big farmers, it is the penetration within marginal sector which will make the difference.

Efforts have already begun.  The Central government as well as  state governments along with private organisations are already on the move. They have deployed Information & Communication Technology (ICT) measures for agriculture extension such as:

  • ITC- e-choupal,
  • e-Krishi,
  • Kisan Kerala,
  • Aaqua,
  • My Farm Info portal,
  • Mahindra Kisan Mitra,
  • Village knowledge centers (VKCs)- M.S Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF),
  • IFFCO Agri-portal,
  • Village resource centres (VRCs)- Indian Space Research Organisation, etc.

The ICT applications meant for rural section can be classified into these three categories:
1.Solutions aimed at empowerment

2.Solutions that would enable.

3.Solutions meant for market expansion.

Image result for ict in agriculture

But there is still a long way to go and efforts have to continue in terms of awareness building and training. Most households even if illiterate do not have that technical grasp yet to effectively use these portals. The technology has to be accessible to everyone and should provide practical solutions.

How does My Farm Info help with penetration of technology?

MyFarmInfo.com is basically an agriculture information system to aid farmers maximize their income. It does so by providing ways to increase the yield as well as helping them get best price for their produce.

This is an open portal and can be used by anyone with access  to internet. The usage is pretty simple as well. Once you geo-tag your farm the rest of the data is instantly available and does not require special skills of usage.

It helps improve yield by providing information on:

  • Crop Feasibility– Farmers can find out the most feasible crop according to soil type and loss estimates.
  • Crop Management- Here farmers get information to deal with pests & diseases, nutrition, water, weeds, etc.
  • Farm Management- Farmers have access to all details about their farm and use it for planning and crop scheduling, they also have access to weather forecasts, flood risks, wind risks.
  • Services such as Soil Doctor- to improve soil health, Plant Doctor- fighting plant diseases, Crop Secure- Securing your crops with Insurance, Nimbu Mirchee-  High-tech transport and storage services.

It helps farmers get better price for their products by delivering the best prices in nearby Mandis and also shares nearest export points and storage units.

All of these services are based on vast infrastructure spread across the country by Weather Risk Management System (WRMS) over decades. It years of work and technological placement that allows any farmer anywhere in India to access this portal and get such kind of detailed information in the easiest way possible.

This is one of the best examples of taking world class technological infrastructure to the masses and enable and empower them with information.

While big farmers could afford to get some  expensive external help, it is MyFarmInfo that truly empowers the marginal farmers with such penetration of information and technology.

 

 

 

What is Soil Health Card (SHC) Scheme? How to Procure your SHC using My Farm Info?

Health of the soil is an important parameter to be assessed from time-to-time. It reflects the effect of current agricultural practices on the soil and thus gives a means to adapt methods and maintain optimum condition of the soil. It is with this intention that the Government of India launched the Rs 568 crore Soil Health Card (SHC) scheme. Launched in 2015 it aspires to reach 14 crore farmers in a 3 year period.

The SHC scheme promotes soil based testing and balanced use of fertilizers which would enable farmers to produce higher yields at lower costs. As of February 2016, 1.12 crore Soil Health Cards had been distributed and 2 crore were under printing. But the pace has picked up since then and at the time of publishing the official figures of printed cards is close to 9.5 crores.

These can also be availed using the My Farm Info portal.

Why get a Soil Health Card?  What is the scheme?

Soil health is complex and depends upon a range of ecosystem functions. Soil is not just lifeless growing medium. Rather it has been observed that fertile soil is also very biologically active. Factors like nutrient quotient and composition like NPK (Nitrogen, Phosporous, Potassium) levels, pH of soil, etc all play a major role. Improper use of fertilizers can have a negative impact on the soil health.

Unfortunately most farmers still have to depend on their own instincts to estimate the condition of the soil. The fertilizers used, irrigation and crop cycle are all mostly based on past practices or hearsay.

It is with the intention of addressing this issue and empowering the farmer that the SHC scheme was launched.

Under the scheme, the government plans to:

  • Issue individual soil cards to farmers which will reflect result of soil sample tests and suggestions.
  • Cards will carry crop-wise recommendations of nutrients and fertilizers in the respective individual farms every once in 3 years. These recommendations will be aimed at improving productivity through judicious use of inputs.
  • To deliver the recommendations Soil samples are collected and tested in various soil testing labs across the country. After testing, various experts analyse the strength and weaknesses (micro-nutrients deficiency) of the soil and suggest measures to deal with it. The result and suggestion will be displayed in the cards.

Thus, as a farmer with a Soil Health Card you can become pro-active in your approach and your methods will nurture the soil instead of damaging it.  The practices will become more sustainable and output is optimal and reduced costs.

Aspects covered in Soil Health Cards:

Lets see in detail what do the Soil Health Cards really convey.

The card displays personal information of which few are important to know such as Survey Number, Soil Sample Number as this information is useful when you want to re-procure your Soil card. The geo-location of the farm is also detailed.

The data from Soil Sample tests is presented across 12 parameters:

1. pH   2. EC (Electrical Conductivity)  3. Organic Carbon, then the level of availability of macro- and micro-nutrients ie. Nitrogen(N), Phosphorous (P), Potassium (K), Sulphur (S), Zinc (Z), Boron (B), Iron (Fe), Manganese(Mn), Copper(Cu).

Recommendations are given with respect to:

  1. Secondary and micro-nutrients.
  2. General Recommendations like Organic Manure, Bio-fertilizer.
  3.  Recommendations for fertilizer combination for crop with reference yield.

How do I get my Soil Health Card using My Farm Info?

My Farm Info is an open platform for anyone to use and access information that enable optimum and effective farming practices. As an aware unit we have made the process of getting your Soil Health Card hassle-free. Farmers can either avail our online portal with 24-hour availability or connect with us in person.

Getting your SHC via Online Portal:
  1. Visit our Home Page.
  2. Locate the Farm, add the region
  3. Zoom in and Geo-tag your farm in the map.
  4. Click ‘Soil Information’ in ‘More’ tab and fill up the details if asked.
  5. You have all your Soil data!
All details of your Soil available in an instant.

6. Click on ‘Nutrition’ under ‘Farm Management’ tab to get the fertilizer recommendations.

Nutrient Recommendations best suitable for your land are shown as above.

With the help of our satellite and on-ground infrastructure throughout the country all this data is made available within seconds!

Getting your SHC via connecting in-person:

Using the same portal you can help us reach you in-person.

  1. Visit the Soil Doctor option in the portal.
  2. Fill in the details and submit. Our team will connect with you person thereafter.
  3. A soil sample will be collected, tested and you will be delivered a detailed report along with your Soil Health Card.
  4. For any queries about this process and more details you can also visit our blog which explores Soil Doctor.

My Farm Info is already delivering last-mile services with this portal and helps farmers make the most of various government schemes in this sector.

If you are a farmer, get your Soil Health Card now. If you are not, inform farmers you know and help them make the most of this free portal.

 

 

Nimbu Mirchee- One-stop solution for all the transport woes.

About 1.3 billion tons of food is globally wasted per year says a report from Food and Agriculture Organization of UN. The data by Ministry of Food Processing Industries estimates the harvest and post-harvest loss of India’s major agricultural produce at Rs 92,651 crore ($13 billion). The loss is three times the budget for the agricultural sector which stands Rs 35,984 crore ($5 billion). This is status quo even after the budget saw a 44% hike from Rs. 24,909 crore ($4 billion) in 2015-16.

The harvest and post-harvest process chain consists of a very crucial segment of Transportation. From the time of harvest to the time it reaches the market, if the losses are so huge, it is worth pondering what can be improved. The analysis of production data between 2012 and 2014 at wholesale prices by CIPHET shows that about 16% of fruits of vegetables, valued at Rs 40,811 crore ($6 billion), were lost.

One can now dramatically reduce these losses significantly by using the efficient one-point transportation solution ie. Nimbu Mirchee.

What is Nimbu Mirchee?

My Farm Info is a one platform solution for all the farming woes. Farmers can use thus open-source platform to get better information and services at any stage of cultivation. Right from the pre-plantation preparation, to cultivation precautions, weather forecasts,  crop insurance to harvest and post-harvest all the segments find a place here.

Nimbu Mirchee as an useful Service on My Farm Info.

Nimbu Mirchee is the solution provided by My Farm Info when it comes to the aspect of post harvest ie. safe transportation with proper storage facilities at affordable costs. Thus, while the name of the service does resemble the common practice in Indian households used to ward of evil, Nimbu Mirchee as a transportation service does in fact achieve the purpose in a very literal sense of the term.

Nimbu Mirchee offers an automated and simple Truck hiring process available to anyone in the country.  Just provide a few details and the system gets back to you with detailed quote. One can choose the City, Date of requirement, Type of Crop, Weight capacity and No. of vehicles according to what best suits the need.

Fill up these details and get the information on Nimbu Mirchee.

Nimbu Mirchee offers a vehicles as per requirement with GPS tracking, options for refrigeration, weather forecasting and insurance, monitoring driving roots and managing any issues one might face in heavy transport.

This video explains the whole lot of benefits you can derive from Nimbu Mirchee.

How does Food undergo losses during Transport?

Fruits and vegetables contain 65 – 95 % water. Anything that increases the rate of depletion of product’s food and water reserves increases the likelihood of losses. This can be caused by high temperature, low atmospheric humidity and physical injury.

Transport losses are high, particularly in developing countries. Fruits and vegetables are very prone to mechanical injury.  Careless handling during loading and unloading; vibration of the vehicle, bad roads and overpacking to maximize profits are major reasons

Packages are often squeezed into the vehicle in order to maximize the revenue for transporters.

These damaged areas become a entry source for infestations by moulds and bacteria.  Respiration is also an important aspect. Poor ventilation leads to the accumulation of carbon dioxide. Increase in concentration of carbon dioxide will quickly ruin the produce.

Image result for agricultural transport

Produce can be damaged when exposed to extreme temperatures. Bad temperature control can lead to significant losses. Overheating leads to decay, and increases the rate of water loss.

Vehicle breakdown are a significant cause of losses in some cases. Perishable produce is left exposed to sun for a day or more until the repairs are done and gets damaged.

How Nimbu Mirchee minimizes losses?

Nimbu Mirchee provides

  • Automated Truck Hiring
  • Operation Transparency
  • GPS enabled Tracking
  • Safe Delivery
  • Verified Third Party Trucks
  • Ability to Buy Insurance Anytime

These aspects greatly reduce the costs while also deliver great service. One can keep track of the truck with GPS, be insured against sudden weather losses, have verified and accountable truck service and 24×7 dedicated control room which operates to take corrective measures when needed.

Following are the Nimbu Mirchee transport solution features for a FMCG along with Agriculture and Diary industry.

Detailed features for FMCG sector, Agriculture and Dairy sector by Nimbu Mirchee.

Thus, Nimbu Mirchee delivers one-stop solution with amazing features for all transportation woes available to anyone in just a few clicks.

Why My Farm Info Crop Secure is the most reliable tool to get crop insurance?

India  ranks second in global farm output. IBEF states that over 58% of the rural households are dependent on agriculture as their main source of livelihood. But pests and diseases account for 15-25 % loss in production each year. Bad weather has always been known to cause widespread damage. This puts the Indian farmer at peril and it always makes sense to get the crops secure by getting an insurance.

But do the farmers have the right knowledge and guidance to go forth with the decision? With the open platform at My Farm Info farmers can now access all kinds if information. From weather forecasts to soil understanding everything is available in a few clicks. The Crop Secure feature just requires you to mark your farm and lays out the complete insurance plan along with probability of risks. Thanks to the superb satellite support and advanced sciences.

Pest and Disease Risk Analysis

Every year pests and diseases destroy around one-fourth of total crop production. At a time when India needs to shore up its production and ensure nutrition for its increasing population, pests and diseases pose a risk to food security.

Farmers end up using a lot of chemical pesticides in order to curb these diseases. This increases the costs and also adversely affect the soil. The same process can be made tremendously cost-effective if the disease can be specifically known and the respective pesticide is used.

The same goes for the pests. Farmers spray a multitude of insecticides or wrong insecticides which increases the cost and may not necessarily stop the pests. Studying the area and the crop the pest risk can be estimated and preventive measures can thus be taken.

Using My Farm Info Crop Secure allows the farmer to get the data immediately. They need to Geo-tag their farms and choose the crop which will be used for production. The service then delivers all the data about the diseases and pests. It also lays down the pest risk analysis and disease risk analysis.

Using this information the farmers can be prepared. They can also easily look up information about the insurance if they would like to take it. The details, right from the premium, avg. payoff, etc are all readily available in a single click.

Excess Rainfall Risk Analysis

Last year in October, excess rainfall in Marathwada in Maharashtra saw epic losses due to excess rainfall. Excess rain destroyed Soyabean crop worth Rs. 2500 crore in the area. This is also the very area which sees huge number of farmer suicides.

Using modern technology,  weather stations installed across the country and satellite imaging the climatic conditions can be predicted to the toe. My Farm Info is an open website which showcases these details. The Crop Secure feature gives an year-on-year analysis and also allows you to insure against the risk for the same.

Many a times even after having an insurance a farmer ends up struggling to prove that the crop was indeed destroyed by rains. This is where this service comes into focus. The My Farm Info allows the farmer to source the data to prove the claims in such a scenario. Thus making Crop Secure a very beneficial service indeed.

Drought Risk Analysis

Apart from the rains, another weather factor which can cause havoc are droughts. The Crop Secure feature allows the farmer to specifically get the previous record for their geographical area. It allows for options to be secured by providing insurance against this Risk.

Crop production in North America, Europe and Australia faced nearly a 20% decline thanks to drought and extreme heat. – Time

Crop Secure also provides details of the loss caused by excess heat. Excessive heat along with droughts have a deadly effect when it comes to production losses.

Using Crop Secure: Geo-Tagging Your Farm

The general method is to use a smartphone app and physically tag the farm by covering its boundary. On My Farm Info you can also do the same virtually by use of Google Maps.

Enter the Name of your City or State in the Search Bar. The Google Map brings you to the location accordingly. Zoom in and Navigate the area until you find your Farm.

Now, use the marking tool in the map and start marking the borders of your  farm. Every successive mark draws a straight line, the last mark must coincide with the first mark to complete the process and thus provide the enclosed farm area.

For using Crop Secure, first click here. Now Geo-tag the farm as mentioned above. After that choose the crop that you have raised in the farm. Once this is done, the service will load the data for your farm according to soil, weather, etc and give you an analysis report.

This report allows the farmer to know about the farm and get crop security by getting an insurance.

How to free farmers from extreme weather condition in 2017

  1. Agriculture contributes to 17% of India’s GDP while the global average is only 4%. The agricultural sector also employs 47.2% of the population, compared to the global average of 30.7%.

Climate change has destroyed agricultureand ruined farmers in Marathwada, India. According to agricultural scientists, the heat wave that India witnessed in 2013 had reduced four million tonnes of the total wheat production. By 2030, rice and wheat are likely to see about 6-10 percent decrease in yields

“Climate change affects all the three aspects of food security: availability, access and absorption.” – B. Venkateshwarlu, the former director at CRIDA.

The Indian government has begun to address farmers vulnerability due to extreme weather conditions and have introduced a $1.3bn crop insurance scheme at the start of 2016 to help farmers cope with crop failure due to natural disasters. However, only 19% of India’s farmers have insured their crops. This could be due to various factors such as lack of awareness about the practice of crop insurance, the cost associated with it and lack of availability.

Extreme weather conditions have a significant impact on food and agriculture sector. The increasing severity of droughts, floods, hailstorms and other extreme weather events affect the livelihood of small-scale farmers. The most common climate anomaly witnessed in India are

  • Cold waves
  • Heat waves
  • Floods
  • Cyclone
  • Drought and
  • Storms

Change in weather condition can affect agriculture in many ways. It could lead to limited water resources, flooding, erosion, drought and or land degradation. Information is the key and in order to help Indian farmers combat challenges linked with climate change, it is important to provide relevant information at the right time to take preventive steps.

Different crops react differently to climatic change. For example, rice, wheat, maize and sorghum are the worst hit by the Indian climatic change. However, crops like potatoes, chickpea and mustard will have little to no impact. Knowing the crop and its reaction to weather helps in a well-planned sowing and harvesting in 2017.

By providing effective weather and climate information in a timely manner, farmers can reduce their agricultural yield risks.It will also help in improvement of the quality of the produce, the quantity of the yield and reduce the risk and loss associated with extreme weather condition. Water consumption in agriculture is a phenomenal amount in India compared to China and other countries. By keeping track of the weather condition in the form of timely alerts helps in optimising the use of water for agriculture too.

[bctt tweet=”Different crops react differently to climatic change.” username=””]

MyFarmInfo.com is an agriculture information system to help farmer maximize their income by providing them ways to increase their yield and help them get the best price for their produce.

Let us look at the case of Citrus farmers in Abohar, India. Due to extreme weather condition, here are few key challenges faced by them.

Key Challenges faced by farmers

  • Fruit Drop
  • Nutrient Imbalance
  • Untimely Irrigation
  • High Water

With the help of My Farm Info, farmers were geo-tagged for all their fields. Precise details about the farm can be viewed by hovering over the farm location on this platform. The latest weather data & forecasts for Temperature / Rainfall / Humidity / Wind can be seen. It also provides historical data for all these parameters for farmers to analyze and draw insight.

Alerts in the form of SMS was sent to farmers to notify on Temperature / Rainfall / Humidity / Wind changes.The forecast provided is accurate as it syncs the weather data from weather stations automatically.

Not just that, My Farm Info provides Soil Information including Cation Exchange Capacity, Clay Content, Soil pH and comprehensive soil data to help farmers make optimum cultivation decisions.

Soil Moisture Sensors planted in the citrus fields can bring appropriate technology to direct and optimize impactful action for farmers. The Crop Management Solution in My Farm Info provides nutrition advisory for citrus ensuring that the farmer has access to crop nutrition oversight throughout its life cycle.

The primary need of a farmer is a location-specific and quantified weather forecast. These Services provided by My Farm Info meets the real-time needs of farmers and contribute to weather-based crop management strategies aiming to enhance crop productivity. Farmers income can be further increased by reducing their losses and distress due to extreme weather condition.

Advantages of this tool to monitor weather conditions in India

Prevention of fruit drop
Balanced nutrition for the crops
Timely irrigation with regular alerts
Soil Moisture sensors to provide exact details of the crop’s need.
Efficient water and nutrient management
High quality of produce
Increased quantity of crop
Cost effective than battle losses later and more…

With varying climatic condition, farmers need to adapt to the changing need and grow a multitude of crops in any given area. Feasibility of production can be easily obtained from the My Farm Info tool. Crop diversification is one of the methods to fight climate change that will enable higher food production and income for the farmers.

How Technology can help you harness data to guide field decisions

The Economy of India is the seventh-largest in the world by GDP and it is the third-largest by purchasing power parity. The agricultural sector is the largest employer in India’s economy and India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Agriculture plays an integral role in the Indian economy. India has the second-largest amount of arable land, after the US, with 52% of total land under cultivation. However, agricultural output lags far behind this country’s potential.

With an increase in the population, there is a need to produce more food with the available soil and water resources. With changing times and development of new technologies, farmers can now produce more, reduce wastage and conserve valuable natural resources and actually practice sustainable agriculture. Thanks to the development of the IT sector, sharing of information or exchange of knowledge from people and resources is possible through SMS or WhatsApp. Technology has enabled farmers to gain information about their farm. Such valuable information helps in taking calculated decisions for the advancement of crop yield in the agricultural sector.

How is technology transforming rural India?

MyFarmInfo.com is an agriculture information system to help farmer maximize their income by providing them ways to increase their yield and help them get the best price for their produce. Better information increases yield, drives efficiency and improves the lives of farmers in India.

Mandi stabilises price

Farmers have been exploited by intermediaries such as money lenders who compel them to sell their produce for an extremely low price. With the Mandi section in My Farm Info, farmers will have the opportunity to find out the mandi prices for the nearby mandies available. They can now choose the optimal mandi from where they can get the best price for their crop.

Understanding Crop Feasibility

Climate plays a major role in crop growth. Sunshine, rainfall, temperature also plays a vital role in the quality of the production. My Farm Info has a crop feasibility section where farmers can find the feasibility of growing any crop on their farm. But choosing to produce crops that are suitable for that piece of land, farmers can maximize their yield and also increase their profitability

Identifying and preventing Crop Diseases

The total estimated loss in economic product per annum due to crop diseases has been estimated to be 13.2% in India. A crop like Maize alone can have over 61 types of diseases. Good agronomic practices can help in reducing the incidence of certain disease groups.

The crop management section in My Farm Info provides 10 years of historical data that enable farmers to find the disease probability for their crops. With the use of sophisticated algorithms, farmers can take calculated decisions on the best suitable crop to grow in their land for better yields.

The tool’s forecast advisory provides early warning of disease infestation for farmers to take preventive or proper measures to minimize their losses.

Farm Management

What if there was someone who could provide expert advice on farming? With the growth of technology, the world has become small and connectivity, a breeze. The farm management section in My Farm Info provides regular feedback, updates and valuable information on nutrition, optimal mandi, NPK application and so on. It is also easy to reach experts on any feedback that farmers may need using WhatsApp on their mobile phones.

All farmers have to do is to save their farm details on a GPS interface and let the experts help them.

Crop Scheduling

To successfully schedule a crop, farmers have to decide the week of the year that their crop will be sold, and then work backward to determine the date of seed sowing or planting. Each stage of a crop cycle needs close monitoring. Simple crop scheduling tools helps farmers reduce their time spent on planning.

Farmers can also use the crop scheduler to help them keep track of all stages of crop life cycle. Farmers will receive messages according to the schedule regarding upcoming crop stages. Forecast and disease alerts will also be sent through SMS making scheduling easy and less o a hassle. Crop scheduling helps farmers to schedule their crops, keep records and manage their farm.

Moisture Sensors

Moisture sensors let the farmers know about the level of the moisture present at the certain depth of the soil. This gives more precise control of water and other inputs like fertilizer to improve yield.

Weather Updates

What if you know beforehand if your farm is prone to floods? Farmers can also use the Flood and wind risk pages in My Farm Info to find the impact of flood and the wind on their produce. With timely and accurate weather forecasts, the farmers are able to either plan their activities or respond to changes accordingly.

Technology has made its way into agriculture and has shown a positive impact. It has helped farmers better decision making, planning, socially connected with experts and are able to utilize their resources optimally to improve the quality and volume of crop production at low cost.

Techniques for Regenerative Agriculture to Increase Farm Productivity and Crop Yield

Myfarminfo provides farmers and other stakeholders the best guidance and information about the weather and suitability factor so that optimum harvesting can be gathered. This ensures that all farmers will get the right amount of return on investment. Myfarminfo is providing various ways to use the same land and soil several times with better qualities and productivity rate.

Regenerative Agriculture is a practice which deals with the studies about how to keep the soil enriched with minerals and to develop and enhance the nurturing of crops and farms etc. Regenerative Agriculture makes the quality of soil better such that it provides many advantages as the beneficial factors. It is a set of efforts and rules which if works consistently and appropriately then they will provide the high profit in the agricultural field. It strengthens the growth which is good for present and well as for future. The new ways to establish regenerative agriculture are as follows:

  1. Polyculture: As the name suggests, polyculture means to grow many different species in one portion. As every crop has different needs and requirements, hence the task is fruitful in balancing the different species. The monoculture is traditional way of farming which is not such good. Monoculture leads to result of destruction of the entire crops due to any natural calamity, heat or any other pesticide effects. Soil fertility also reduces due to monoculture. It’s the reason for loss of habitat of animals and results in ecological imbalance.
  1. The soil food web: As far as the technology is advancing, the nature is not run out off the race. Again and again, nature proves to be most potent among all machinery developments. The Soil Food Web is the natural process accomplish by the microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, and others etc. They used up the soil and making it healthier than before, provides the same to the roots of the living plants. The newly generated soil is better in many aspects including the reason of not- availability of any chemical fertilizer into the ground.
  2. Holistic management: Holistic management approach deals with the decisions made by the farmers or the other parties keeping different aspects of the ecology including the financial, environmental, and biological and the social aspects etc. Various tests are being carried on to make the technique more usable and familiar. It is a new framework for regenerative agriculture and so broad to practice. Education is not such counts but proper understanding and accurate decision making is the game changer!
  1. Properly managed livestock: Properly managed livestock i.e. PML is another way to regenerate a As farm animals are considered as the primary assets to the farmer, therefore, their health and growth will work on the performance of the agriculture. Hence, one should invest money on anything with full consideration and consequences in mind. Better you manage the livestock, better the advancement and growth you will see and feel in the farms. The business will perfectly give colorful results. It is a mandatory practice to see and control the number of breeds and species are consuming the same field. Over grazing of the same region may affect the agricultural process.
  1. No- till crop production: Tilling means the damaging of soil. Tilling happens due to the physical disturbance takes place beneath the earth. The effect is too dangerous that it is measured to have more harmful effects than using fertilizers and pesticides etc. Hence , awareness among farmers and the cultivators is increasing day by day so that they can change their way of farming. The No – Till Crop Production will provide efficient and fertile soil which eventually will produce good crops and the process will be more profitable.

 

  1. Perennial crops: Are you aware of the crops of apples and alfalfa? Yes, these both are the perennial crops which can be harvested repeatedly before they get vanished. The practice of cultivating perennial plants is new to agriculture. It reduces the soil erosion and feeds the soil food web to make the soil more fertile. It also results in balancing the habitat etc.

Image result for Regenerative Agriculture

  1. Permaculture : Another concept in regenerative agriculture is Permaculture. Permaculture is the mechanism to design a landscape after observing the requirements of agriculture and the environment etc. As human life has importance of morals and ethics to balance everything, similarly nature also needs balance. Permaculture has three primary standards: The Earth’s Care, the Citizen’s Care and a good return on Investment or Surplus. It works as the additional activity to the core farming needs. The higher the efforts, the more beautiful will the emergence of results.

 

  1. Thermal composting: Among the different composting techniques, one is the thermal composting. Thermal Composting is the path which is desired to maintain the lives of microbes because the tiny organisms do much for the vast plantation growth. Thermal Composting provides the best way to keep soil nutrients efficient and beneficial. The microorganisms are significant of the fertility of the soil. There is no surprise in knowing that the secret of healthy and enrich soil is the staying of these little microbes.
Draw your own Farm

The methods mentioned above are all researched based projects and studies in Agricultural Science. The development and advancement are both ever- lasting processes. Therefore, the betterment continues. The team of Myfarminfo always solves queries and gives timely information to the desired parties and customers. Hence, Myfarminfo is working for the welfare of people of India who are mainly engaged in Agricultural sector. What we need is to extract the maximum knowledge from the present scenario and make it reliable for the future.